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How do IP addresses works

It helps to understand how IP addresses function if you want to figure out why a device isn't connecting the way you want it to or if you want to troubleshoot why your network isn't working.

Internet Protocol communicates in the same manner that any other language does, by following a set of rules to convey information. This protocol is used by all devices to find, send, and share information with other connected devices. Any computer in any area can communicate with one another if they speak the same language.

IP addresses are most commonly used behind the scenes. The procedure is as follows:


1. Your device connects to the internet indirectly by first connecting to a network connected to the internet, which then allows your device internet access.

2. That network will most likely be your Internet Service Provider when you are at home (ISP). It will be your workplace network at work.

3. Your Internet service provider (ISP) assigns an IP address to your device.

4. Your internet activity is routed through your ISP and returned to you via your IP address. It is their responsibility to issue an IP address to your device because they are providing you with internet connection.

5. Your IP address, however, may vary. Turning your modem or router on or off, for example, can make a difference. You can also contact your ISP and get it changed for you.

6. If you take your device with you when you are out and about – for example, when vacationing – your home IP address does not come with you. This is because you will be accessing the internet through a different network (Wi-Fi at a hotel, airport, or coffee shop, for example) and will be allocated a different (temporary) IP address by the hotel, airport, or coffee shop's ISP.



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