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Types of IP addresses

There are various types of IP addresses, as well as several categories of IP addresses.

Consumer IP addresses

Every person or business with an internet service plan will have two sorts of IP addresses: private IP addresses and public IP addresses. The terms public and private refer to the location of a network; a private IP address is used within a network, while a public IP address is used outside of one.

Private IP addresses

A private IP address is assigned to any device that connects to your internet network. Computers, smartphones, and tablets are included, as well as any Bluetooth-enabled devices such as speakers, printers, and smart TVs. The number of private IP addresses you have at home is likely to increase as the internet of things grows. Your router must be able to detect each of these items separately, and many of them must be able to recognize one another. As a result, your router generates private IP addresses for each device, which serve as unique identifiers on the network.

Public IP addresses

The primary address associated with your whole network is a public IP address. While each connected device has its own IP address, they are all part of your network's primary IP address. Your ISP provides your router with your public IP address.  ISPs typically have a large pool of IP addresses from which to assign addresses to their clients. Your public IP address is the address that will be used by all devices outside of your internet network to identify your network.

Public IP addresses

There are two types of public IP addresses: dynamic and static.

Dynamic IP addresses

IP addresses that are dynamic change on a regular basis. ISPs purchase a large pool of IP addresses and assign them to their clients automatically. They re-assign them on a regular basis, and the older IP numbers are returned to the pool to be utilized for other clients. The rationale behind this strategy is to save money for the ISP. They don't have to perform specific procedures to re-establish a customer's IP address if they move house, for example, because the routine transfer of IP addresses is automated. There are also security advantages, as a shifting IP address makes it more difficult for hackers to gain access to your network interface.

Static IP addresses

Static IP addresses, unlike dynamic IP addresses, do not change. Once an IP address is assigned by the network, it does not change. A static IP address is not required for most individuals and businesses, but it is required for businesses that plan to host their own server. This is because a static IP address ensures that the websites and email addresses associated with it have a stable IP address, which is essential if you want other devices to be able to find them on the internet consistently.

This leads us to the next topic, which is the distinction between the two sorts of website IP addresses.

There are two types of website IP addresses

There are two types of website IP addresses for website owners that don't run their own server and instead rely on a web hosting package - which is the situation for most websites. These are dedicated and shared.

Shared IP addresses

Websites that use shared hosting plans from web hosting providers are usually only one of several that share the same server. Individual or small-business websites, where traffic volumes are controllable and the sites themselves are constrained in terms of page count, etc., tend to be like this. The IP addresses of the websites hosted in this manner will be shared.

Dedicated IP addresses

A dedicated IP address is available with some web hosting services (or addresses). This allows you to host your own File Transfer Protocol (FTP) server and make obtaining an SSL certificate easier. This allows anonymous FTP sharing and makes it easier to share and move data with various persons within an organization. A dedicated IP address also allows you to browse your website without requiring the domain name, which is essential if you want to construct and test your website before registering it.

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